For every nation, the mining industry forms the backbone of economic growth. It is one of the biggest as well as the fastest-growing sectors in the world. While it exists in many countries, London is known as the capital of global mining houses. Places such as Rio Tinto Group, BHP Billiton, and Anglo American PLC top the list. These industries perform various activities such as extraction, beneficiation, and also the processing of naturally existing solid minerals from the earth.